RBI issues Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs) – Guidelines for Interoperability

Oct 17, 2018 | by Avantis RegTech Legal Research Team


Reserve Bank of India (RBI) vide notification dated October 16,2018 has issued Prepaid Payment Instruments(PPI) Guidelines for Interoperability for all  Prepaid Payment Instrument Issuers, System Providers and System Participants

These guidelines are issued under Section 18 read with Section 10(2) of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007.

Salient Features of the Guidelines

1.       Introduction

 Interoperability is the technical compatibility that enables a payment system to be used in conjunction with other payment systems. Interoperability allows PPI Issuers, System Providers and System Participants in different systems to undertake, clear and settle payment transactions across systems without participating in multiple systems.

 

2.      Requirements for achieving interoperability: Common to Wallets and Cards

2.1 Where PPIs are issued in the form of wallets, interoperability across PPIs shall be enabled through UPI.

 2.2 Where PPIs are issued in the form of cards, the cards shall be affiliated to the authorised card networks.

2.3 All PPI issuers intending to implement interoperability through UPI and / or card networks shall adhere to the instructions contained in these guidelines. PPI issuers operating exclusively in specific segments like Meal, Gift and MTS may also implement interoperability.

2.4 The interoperability shall be facilitated to all KYC compliant PPI accounts and entire acceptance infrastructure.

2.5  Technical requirements: PPI issuers shall adhere to all the requirements of card networks / UPI including membership type and criteria, merchant on-boarding, adherence to various standards, rules and regulations applicable to the specific payment system such as technical requirements, certifications and audit requirements, governance, etc.

 

3.       Requirements for achieving interoperability through card networks

3.1 Card networks are allowed to onboard PPI issuers to join their network. Non-bank PPI issuers are permitted to participate as members / associate members of authorised card networks

3.2 Settlement: For the purpose of settlement, a non-bank PPI issuer can participate directly or through a sponsor bank arrangement as the case may be. Non-bank PPI issuers shall adhere to the requirements of respective card network’s settlement system.

3.3  Safety and security:

a) As non-bank PPI issuers will issue interoperable cards in association with card networks for the first time, the cards issued by these entities shall ab initio be EMV Chip and PIN compliant. b) Banks shall ensure that all new PPIs issued in the form of cards are EMV Chip and PIN compliant.

c) Banks shall ensure that all reissuance / renewal of PPIs in the form of cards are EMV Chip and PIN compliant.

d) PPI issuers operating exclusively in Meal segment shall issue EMV Chip and PIN compliant cards, if they opt for interoperability. Gift cards and MTS, may however, be issued with or without EMV Chip and PIN enablement

 

4.      Requirements for achieving interoperability through UPI

4.1 PPI issuers shall facilitate all basic / standard features of interoperability of UPI..

4.2 PPI holders shall be on-boarded for UPI by their own PPI issuer only. PPI issuers shall only link their customer wallets to the handle issued to them. PPI issuers as PSP shall not on-board customers of any bank or any other PPI issuer.

 4.3 Authentication will be completed by the PPI holder as per his / her existing wallet credentials. In other words, a transaction will be pre-approved before it reaches the UPI.

4.4 Settlement: For the purposes of settlement, a non-bank PPI issuer shall participate through a sponsor bank. Non-bank PPI issuers shall adhere to the requirements of sponsor bank arrangement in UPI as also meet all requirements

[RBI/2018-19/61 DPSS.CO.PD.No.808/02.14.006/2018-19]

URL- rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/notification/PDFs/NOTI61724025FD07FE407D8796EC6C97A17A8E.PDF  


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