Enhanced Disclosure and Transparency Norms by SEBI for Credit Rating Agencies

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), in order to enhance the governance, accountability and functioning of Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs), has issued a Consultation Paper comprising proposals pertaining to, inter-alia, rating process followed by the CRAs and disclosures pertaining to the ratings assigned, for public comments on September 08, 2017.

Taking into consideration the comments and suggestions received from the public, the following guidelines are being issued by the SEBI:

1.       Request by Issuers for review of ratings provided by CRAs:

A.     In the interest of transparency and fairness, it has been decided that all cases of requests by an Issuers for review of the rating(s) provided to its instrument(s) by the CRA, shall be reviewed by a Rating Committee of the CRA that shall consist of a majority of independent members.

B.      As defined in the Circular for Enhanced Standards for CRAs dated November 01, 2016, "independent" would mean people not having any pecuniary relationship with the CRA or any of its employees.

2.      Disclosures in case of ratings not accepted by an Issue: In order to make the disclosures more relevant, it is clarified that all non-accepted ratings shall be disclosed on the CRA’s website for a period of 12 months from the date of such rating being disclosed as a non-accepted rating on the CRA’s website in the following format:

S. No

Name of the Issuer

Sector (Finance & Banking, Textiles, etc.)

Instrument Type (NCD, Preference Shares, CP, CD, etc.)

Issue Size (Rs. millions)

Date of Non-acceptance

Listing Status (Listed/ Unlisted)

Rating assigned

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.       Rationalization of disclosures:

A.     A Rating Summary Sheet presenting a snapshot of the rating actions carried out during the half-year, shall be uploaded by the CRAs on their websites on a half-yearly basis, within 15 days from the end of the half-year (March/ September), in the format specified at Annexure A.

B.      Such disclosure shall be segregated for ratings assigned to –

I.                    Securities; and

II.                  Financial instruments other than securities.

C.      Modification in formats of disclosure requirements of SEBI Circular CIR/ MIRSD/ CRA/ 6/ 2010 dated May 3, 2010

I.                    In order to enhance the quality of these disclosures, improve accountability of CRAs and to facilitate the public in understanding the promptness of the CRA in taking the rating action, the formats of disclosure requirements of SEBI Circular CIR/MIRSD/CRA/6/2010 dated May 3, 2010 are hereby modified. The revised format of these disclosures is specified at Annexure B.

II.                  Annexure IV of the aforementioned Circular stands deleted.

III.                Annexure VI of the aforementioned Circular, disclosing the list of defaults separately for each rating category, shall now be disclosed on a half–yearly basis.

IV.                With respect to Annexure VII, the following terms, in addition to those already defined under Point 2.2 of the aforementioned Circular, shall have the meaning as under:

a.       Debt-weighted default rate: the amount of rated debt that defaulted in the static pool as a percentage of the total amount of rated debt in the static pool.

b.      Averaging for debt-weighted default rate shall be based on the weighted average method where weights shall be the amount of debt rated in each static period.

V.                  For ease of understanding by the investors, these disclosures shall be prepared and disclosed separately for ratings of

a.       Securities; and

b.      Financial instruments other than securities.

 

4.      Internal Audit of CRAs:

A.     Compliance by CRA with the provisions of this Circular shall be verified during the half-yearly Internal Audit.

B.      Further, with respect to point 6 A III of Circular dated Nov 01, 2016, it is hereby clarified that the audit team must be composed of, at least, a Chartered Accountant (ACA/ FCA) and a Certified Information Systems Auditor/ Diploma in Information Systems Auditor (CISA/ DISA).

 

[Circular No.: SEBI/ HO/ MIRSD/ DOP2/ CIR/ P/ 2018/ 86]

URL: https://www.sebi.gov.in/legal/circulars/may-2018/enhanced-disclosure-and-transparency-norms-for-credit-rating-agencies_39130.html